Phonic searching looks for a word that sounds like the word
you are searching for and begins with the same letter. For
example, a phonic search for Smith will also find Smithe and
To search for a word phonically, put a # in front of the
word in your search request. Examples: #smith, #johnson
You can also check the Phonic searching box in the
search form to enable phonic searching for all words in your
search request. Phonic searching is somewhat slower than other
types of searching and tends to make searches over-inclusive,
so it is usually better to use the # symbol to do phonic searches
Natural Language Searching
A natural language search request is any combination of words,
phrases, or sentences. After a natural language search, the
software sorts retrieved documents by their relevance to your
search request. Weighting of retrieved documents takes into
account: the number of documents each word in your search
request appears in (the more documents a word appears in,
the less useful it is in distinguishing relevant from irrelevant
documents); the number of times each word in the request appears
in the documents; and the density of hits in each document.
Noise words and search connectors like NOT and OR are ignored.
Typing keywords into the "with the exact phrase" field will
return newspapers containing the phrase exactly as you typed
it. This is the equivalent of putting quotation marks around
Use the AND connector in a search request to connect two
expressions, both of which must be found in any document retrieved.
For example: apple pie and poached pear would retrieve any
document that contains both phrases.
Use the OR connector in a search request to connect two expressions,
at least one of which must be found in any document retrieved.
For example, apple pie or poached pear would retrieve any
document that contained apple pie, poached pear, or both.
Use NOT in front of any search expression to reverse its
meaning. This allows you to exclude documents from a search.
Example: apple sauce and not pear
Date recognition looks for anything that appears to be a
date, using English-language months (including common abbreviations)
and numerical formats. Examples of date formats that are recognized
include: January 15, 2006
To search for a specific date use the following format:
09231962 will bring results for September 23, 1963
Use the W/N connector in a search request to specify that
one word or phrase must occur within N words of the other.
For example, apple w/5 pear would retrieve any document that
contained apple within 5 words of pear. The following are
examples of search requests using W/N:
(apple or pear) w/5 banana
(apple w/5 banana) w/10 pear
(apple and banana) w/10 pear