City of Torrance Joins Los Angeles County Efforts to Distribute H1N1 Vaccination
On Monday, December 7, 2009, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., the City of Torrance will join the Los Angeles County in distributing the H1N1 vaccine to high-risk populations. The H1N1 vaccine will be distributed at the Dee Hardison Sports Center located in the Charles H. Wilson Park, 2200 Crenshaw Boulevard. There will be no drive-up distributions; walk-up only. read more (PDF)>>
Anyone interested in receiving a vaccine must fill out the form ahead of time, which is available here. The forms must be printed on standard white paper and brought to the site. Please note, filling it out a form does not guarantee the vaccine due to the limited supply of and the high demand for the vaccine. Priority is given to those within the high-risk populations specified by the Centers for Disease Control. The specified populations include: pregnant women, all people between the ages of 6 months to 24 years, healthcare and emergency medical services personnel, people who live with or care for children younger than 6 months of age and people ages 25 to 64 with chronic illnesses or compromised immune systems.
Please click here for more tips and information on how to prevent the spread of influenza.
Holiday Toy Drive!
The Torrance Police Department (TPD) and the Torrance Fire Department (TFD) are once again joining forces to collect toys for the underprivileged families in our area. The Holiday Toy Drive was kicked off at the opening of the Torrance Theater Company's production of "A Christmas Story." It was a great start to what will surely be another great holiday season. If you would like to participate in the Holiday Toy Drive, you can drop off new, unwrapped toys in the donation bins at the Police Station or Fire Station in your area. If you have any questions, please contact the TPD Community Affairs office at 310-618-6391 or TFD at 310-781-7071.
Click here to see how you can help out the Holiday Toy Drive!
The City of Torrance wishes you and your family a truly happy Thanksgiving! City Hall will be closed on Thursday, November 26, and on Friday, November 27.
Runners and spectators are invited to the 30th Annual Harry Sutter Memorial Thanksgiving Day 3-Mile Turkey Trot! An outstanding commemorative T-shirt will be given to all participants. On this day of giving thanks, the City of Torrance invites runners and spectators to bring a can of food for a special Thanksgiving Food Drive.
Please click here for more information.
Road Closure of 190th Street at Prairie Avenue Due to Broken Water Main
Traffic is closed in both directions on 190th Street, from Crenshaw Boulevard to Prairie Avenue due to a broken water main on 190th Street at the intersection of Prairie Avenue. The alternative route for traffic is to take 187th Street. This recycled water main is the property of West Basin Municipal Water (West Basin), not the City of Torrance. West Basin has contacted their contractor for repairs. Torrance Police and Fire departments are on scene to assist. The City of Torrance apologizes for any inconvenience; we do appreciate your cooperation and patience as we try to resolve this situation.
CITY COUNCIL PUBLIC HEARING ON THE DRAFT GENERAL PLAN AND EIR IS POSTPONED UNTIL DECEMBER 15, 2009
TORRANCE, Calif., November 12, 2009 - The public hearing to be held before the City of Torrance City Council on November 17, 2009 at 7:00 p.m. has been POSTPONED. A public workshop will be held on December 15, 2009 at 7:00 p.m. and a public hearing will be held on January 19, 2010 at 7:00 p.m. in the Torrance City Council Chambers of City Hall located at 3031 Torrance Boulevard, Torrance, California. Click here for more information.
U.S. Flags at Half Staff until Veterans Day
TORRANCE, Calif., November 9, 2009 - In accordance with President Obama's directive issued on November 6, 2009, the U.S. Flags in the City of Torrance are being flown at half staff until Veterans Day in honor of the victims of the Fort Hood shootings. Flags will be returned to full staff on Wednesday morning, November 11, 2009. The full complement of Military Service Flags will be raised in honor of Veterans Day, and a floral wreath will be placed at the City memorial. The City of Torrance shares in the sorrow of this tragic loss and continues to thank members of its Armed Forces and their families for their sacrifices and selfless service.
Torrance Unified School District Board and Torrance City Council to Hold a Special Joint Meeting
On Monday, November 9, 2009, at 7 p.m. the Torrance City Council and the entire Torrance Unified School District (TUSD) Board of Education will convene for a special joint meeting. The meeting will be held at the Toyota Meeting Hall in the Torrance Cultural Arts Center located at 3330 Civic Center Drive. Its main purpose is to explore areas of collaboration in services and processes between these two governing bodies; topics to be discussed include - facility maintenance, library resources, field lighting, etc. read more (PDF)>>
Flu Shot Information Resources
1. "Find a Flu Shot" website (http://www.findaflushot.com/) will give you non-County sites that may charge a fee. Click the message box on the upper right. It will give you locations such as:
- CVS Pharmacies, some are stand-alone and others are located in Stater Brothers markets, charge $25. They waive the fee to unemployed individuals who present a voucher from certain employment sites. In our District, unfortunately only the Marina Del Rey Work Source Center (310) 309-6000 distributes these vouchers though there are others distribution points scattered outside our District. Locations of other voucher distributors can be found by using either the CVS website www.CVS.com/promoContent or calling them at 1 888 flu shot.
- Ralphs and Food for Less stores that have pharmacies are giving flu shots for $25.
- Rite Aid charges $30Walgreens charges $24.99 for the injection and $29.99 for the nasal spray version
2. The County's Information Line (dial 2-1-1) has locations of only County sites. County sites provide free vaccinations.
3. The Department of Public Health's website has County only sites, see (http://www.publichealth.lacounty.gov/ip/flu/index.htm.
4. Department of Public Health's L.A. County Health Line provides info on County sites and also volunteer sites such as churches, senior centers etc. that are partnering with the County. Vaccinations at these sites are free. The L.A. County Health Line number is (800) 427-8700, from Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Spanish interpreters available.
City of Torrance dedicated the Wilson Park gymnasium in honor of Dee Hardison
TORRANCE, Calif., November 17, 2009 - On Friday, November 13, 2009, the Mayor and City Council dedicated the Sports Center at Charles H. Wilson Park in honor of former Mayor Dee Hardison, naming it the "Dee Hardison Sports Center." read more (PDF)>>.
Please click here for the photo gallery.
Please click here for the agenda item recommending the naming of the Wilson Park Sports Center after Dee Hardison during the September 15, 2009 City Council meeting wherein it was also approved.
The Gas Company Urges Torrance Customers to Enroll in Assistance Programs
As working families struggle to make ends meet due to the current economic downturn, Southern California Gas Co. (The Gas Company) is urging customers to take advantage of the utility's assistance programs.
These are the types of programs offered that may be helpful for Torrance customers:
Gas Company Assistance for Struggling Families...
The Southern California Gas Co. offers several assistance programs to their customers to help reduce winter heating bills and increase energy efficiency during these hard economic times.
CARE (California Alternate Rate for Energy)
Provides a 20% discount on the monthly gas bill for eligible households who may not be able to make their monthly payment. Customers may be automatically eligible if they currently receive benefits from the Women, Infants and Children, Healthy Families, Medi-Cal, Food Stamps, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families or LIHEAP programs.
Direct Assistance Program
Provides energy-saving home improvements to income-qualified renters and homeowners. Services include weather-stripping, ceiling insulation, low-flow showerheads, furnace replacement and other minor home repairs.
Medical Baseline Allowance
Customers with a person in the home with certain medical conditions who may require additional heating to sustain their health, may qualify for additional natural gas at the lowest baseline rate.
Gas Assistance Fund
Provides a one-time grant to customers during the winter who are income-qualified and unable to pay their bill.
Please click here for more information.
City of Torrance Calls for Legislative Action on Water Issues
TORRANCE, Calif., October 7, 2009 - The City of Torrance strongly supports the legislative effort to deliver a comprehensive water plan for the Governor's approval by this weekend. Together with other South Bay water agencies, Torrance is working to develop local water supplies to reduce its dependency on imported water. However, these efforts will not be enough to completely reduce users' reliance on water provided from the Delta. A comprehensive fix for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta is critical for the long term stability of the region. read more (PDF) >>
City of Torrance selected as a finalist for the Most Business-Friendly City in L.A. County award
TORRANCE, Calif., November 19, 2009 - The Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation (LAEDC) selected the City of Torrance as a finalist for one of its 2009 Most Business-Friendly City in L.A. County awards, also known as the Eddy Awards®. The Eddy Awards® have become one of the most prestigious economic development award programs in the state of California. The winners of each category were announced live at the 14th Annual Eddy Awards® on Thursday, November 12, 2009, at the Beverly Hilton hotel. More than 700 leaders from the business, government, and education sectors attended the gala dinner.
Although the City of Torrance did not win the Eddy Award®, the LAEDC honored Torrance as a finalist for creating a business-friendly environment that encourages businesses to locate or expand in the community by reducing red tape and improving response time with additional assistance. Torrance was also recognized for implementing such streamlining measures as a one-stop permit center, ombudsman services, online project status tracking, and training. In addition, Torrance is proud to have the second lowest rate of property crime and third lowest rate of violent crime among 15 L.A. County cities with populations of 100,000 residents.
Please click here for the Eddy Awards® website.
City of Torrance Remembers 9/11
The City of Torrance cordially welcomes the public to view a wreath placed inside the lobby of City Hall in remembrance of September 11, 2001. Click here for pictures.
Torrance City Council Adopts Water Conservation Ordinance
On March 24, 2009, the Torrance City Council adopted Water Conservation Ordinance #3717. Click here for the ordinance (pdf).
On July 21, 2009, the City Council adopted Resolution #2009-70 declaring a Level 1 Water Supply Shortage in accordance with the City's existing Water Conservation Ordinance #3717. Click here for the resolution (pdf). This action was necessitated by a third consecutive drought year in California and the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California (MWD) declaring mandatory cutbacks in deliveries of imported water supplies. MWD currently provides two-thirds of the City's annual water requirements.
The Level 1 activation places further restrictions on water use including:
- No watering between the hours of 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. (changed from 10 a.m. until 4 p.m.)
- Watering limited to 3 days per week (changed from unlimited days per week but still no restrictions on which days)
- Water no more than 15 minutes per station (remains the same)
- No excessive water flows or runoff (remains the same)
- No washing down of exterior surfaces (remains the same)
- All leaks must be fixed within 7 days (changed from 15 days)
- Washing of vehicles, boats, etc., only with a bucket or hose with a positive shut-off valve (remains the same)
- Fountains and other water features must use recirculating systems (remains the same)
All other permanent water use restrictions remain in place per the Ordinance.
In addition, the Resolution calls upon all customers to reduce their water usage by an additional 10% to stay within our mandated reduction targets from MWD and help maintain regional water reserves in the event that there is a fourth consecutive drought year in 2010.
For more information and water-saving tips. click here to go to "Be Water Wise".
Click here for frequently asked questions on the City's water conservation policies.
CITY OF TORRANCE NOW ACCEPTING APPLICATIONS FOR THE TORRANCE CENTENNIAL COMMITTEE
TORRANCE, Calif., May 28, 2009 - In 2012, the City of Torrance will celebrate its Centennial Anniversary! The City of Torrance invites members of the community to apply to become a member of the Torrance Centennial Committee established by the City Council on May 19, 2009. The Torrance Centennial Committee will be responsible for planning and recommending fun-filled and educational events and activities in celebration of the City's first 100 years, which is scheduled to begin on January 1, 2012, and will culminate on Sunday, October 21, 2012. Individuals who have been involved with the Torrance community are welcome to apply. Applicants need not be Torrance residents in order to be considered. The deadline to apply has been extended and is now August 26, 2009. Click here for the Torrance Centennial Committee Application.
Torrance Strategic Plan Report Now Available
TORRANCE, Calif., August 7, 2009 - On August 12, 2008, the Torrance City Council adopted the 2008 Strategic Plan for the City. The Plan was updated by a group of sixteen citizens, who met weekly from January through May. The City of Torrance Strategic Plan is a proactive statement of where we as a community want to be in the future, how we will get there and who will be responsible for taking us there.
The biggest change in the Strategic Plan is the addition of a new priority addressing environmental concerns and practices. This priority, entitled "Stewardship of the Environment", addresses goals ranging from increased recycling to more environmentally friendly development practices, and also includes goals encouraging new, green businesses.
The City of Torrance is now working on an Action Plan to implement the goals and sub-goals identified in the Plan. Workshops were conducted in June, and work continues.
To view the Strategic Plan Full Report, click here.
Torrance City Council Adopts a Balanced Budget for FY 2009-2011
TORRANCE, Calif. - On Tuesday, June 23, 2009, the Torrance City Council adopted a balanced two-year operating budget for fiscal years 2009-2010 and 2010-2011. Through internal adjustments across departments, reduction in current expenses and increase in cost recovery of user fees, Torrance's $173.5 million operating budget avoids employee layoffs and protects vital services to the community. read more (PDF)>>
City of Torrance Changes Web Address to www.TorranceCA.Gov
TORRANCE, Calif., June 26, 2009 - The City of Torrance announces its new web address and domain name (URL) - www.TorranceCA.Gov/ as a step toward providing the community with clear, convenient and easy means of accessing City information. Starting July 1, 2009, everyone can access the City of Torrance website through this new address. In addition, and all emails to City contacts will also use the new domain "Name@TorranceCA.Gov." read more (PDF)>>
CITY OF TORRANCE NOW ACCEPTING APPLICATIONS FOR THE 2010 CENSUS COMPLETE COUNT COMMITTEE
TORRANCE, Calif., June 12, 2009 - The City of Torrance invites community members interested in becoming part of the 2010 Census Complete Count Committee to apply. The 2010 Census Complete Count Committee is a volunteer committee established to increase awareness about the 2010 Census and motivate residents in the community to respond. Its mission is to influence every member of the jurisdiction to complete the 2010 Census questionnaire in a timely and accurate manner. Anyone who is interested in the importance of an accurate 2010 Census Count is welcome to apply. Applicants need not be Torrance residents in order to be considered. The deadline to apply is July 17, 2009. Click here for the 2010 Census Complete Count Committee Application.
90 Day Foreclosure Moratorium to Take Effect Monday
New law imposes a 90 foreclosure moratorium if lenders don't modify loans
Assemblymember Ted Lieu (D-Torrance) will be available through Monday to discuss the California Foreclosure Prevention Act, ABX2 7 (Lieu), which takes effect on June 15, 2009. Beginning on Monday, a foreclosure moratorium will give distressed homeowners an additional 90 days unless the lender implements a comprehensive and systematic loan modification program designed to keep people in their homes.
WHO: Assemblymember Ted Lieu
WHEN: Friday to Monday
WHERE: Via Phone - (530) 200-2201
"We must put a stop to the unending tidal wave of foreclosures that has crippled our economy," said Assemblymember Ted Lieu. "This law will help people stay in their homes by giving lenders a serious incentive to modify loans."
The California Foreclosure Prevention Act is designed to force Wall Street to help the citizens of "Main Street." The Act will give lenders a choice: either enact a systematic and comprehensive loan modification program or face an additional 90 day foreclosure delay on all of your loans.
In order to avoid the foreclosure moratorium, a lender's comprehensive loan modification program would have to be based, in part, on criteria set forth by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Additionally, loans could only be modified in a couple ways, including interest rate reductions, extension of the loan term, or principal reduction.
Homeowners in California continue to experience record foreclosures, a direct result of irresponsible lending. According to RealtyTrac, in April 2009, California posted the highest foreclosure rate in the nation, with one in every 138 housing units receiving a foreclosure filing during the month. Total foreclosure activity was up 42% from April of last year.
The California Foreclosure Prevention Act is the first law in the nation to impose a foreclosure moratorium and encourage quality loan modifications.
Assemblymember Ted W. Lieu is Chair of the California Assembly Rules Committee, the former Chair of the Banking and Finance Committee and represents the 53rd Assembly District
Looking for No Cost Labor Solutions? Recovery Act Funds Are Putting Youth To Work
Thanks to Recovery Act 2009 funding, more than 1,200 youth in the Long Beach, Torrance, Lomita, and Signal Hill area are ready to go to work this summer. They could be working for you - at no cost. Young adults, ages 14 - 24, are ready to work 20-25 hours a week in July and August for up to 200 hours - at no cost to the worksite. If you are ready to invest a few hours in training youth to complete your projects, you'll get hundreds of hours of no-cost assistance. The Pacific Gateway Workforce Investment Network will provide wages, worker's compensation insurance, a job coach and all required administrative procedures. If you would like to take advantage of this temporary no-cost workforce solution, please complete a worksite application form here or call one of the following numbers: 562.570. 4735, 562.570.4733, or, toll free, 866.631.9400.
Strategic Plan Workshop - June 23, 2009
The workshop/public hearing on the implementation of its Strategic Plan, originally scheduled for June 9, 2009, has been moved to Tuesday, June 23, 2009. The Strategic Plan is a proactive statement where the community wants to be in the future, how we will get there and who will be responsible for taking us there.
Mayor Scotto's 2009 State of the City Address
TORRANCE, Calif., May 21, 2009 - On Thursday, May 21, 2009, Mayor Frank Scotto presented his 2009 State of the City Address at the Torrance Marriott. Click HERE for a transcript of Mayor Scotto's 2009 State of the City Address, and click HERE for the video recording. Mayor Scotto's recorded 2009 State of the City Address will begin cablecasting on Torrance CitiCABLE Channel 3, June 10th through July 7th at 10:00 a.m., 2:00 p.m., 8:00 p.m.; and July 8th through August 4th at 12:00 p.m., 3:00 p.m., 9:00 p.m.
Torrance Reassures Community: No Cases of Swine Flu
TORRANCE, Calif., May 1, 2009 - The City of Torrance reassured the Torrance community today, announcing that there have been no cases of swine flu in the City of Torrance as of May 1, 2009. Consequently, all city services and activities continue as normal. Torrance assures the community that it continues to work closely with State and County officials to vigilantly monitor this evolving situation and will keep the community informed. read more (PDF)>>
City of Torrance launches citywide Twitter Account
To help keep our community informed of important issues, the City of Torrance launched a citywide Twitter account today. Please "follow" us at http://twitter.com/TorranceCA to stay in touch.
Swine Flu Alert
Though there has been an increase of reported cases of the new influenza virus A H1N1 in the nation, including 28 confirmed cases in Los Angeles County, the City of Torrance wants to inform the community that all city services and activities continue as normal. The City of Torrance assures the community that the City is working closely with State and County officials in actively monitoring the new influenza outbreak. The City also encourages everyone to be vigilant and take this opportunity to prepare themselves and their families for emergency situations. Click here for more infomation.
City of Torrance Announces Top Ranking for Government Webcasts
TORRANCE, Calif., March 18, 2009 - The City of Torrance announced today that it has climbed to the top of a national ranking of government webcasts due to its leading performance in recording, producing, and distributing streaming media content online with technology provided by Granicus, Inc. In December 1997, Torrance became the first local government in the nation to stream its channel live on the web. In April 2005, Torrance expanded the online service using the Granicus system. read more (PDF)>>
Torrance Skateboard Park Closed Due to Safety Concerns
TORRANCE, Calif., March 20, 2009 - Upon discovery of extensive damage due to inclement weather and safety concerns for patrons, the City of Torrance announced the closure of the Skateboard Park at Charles H. Wilson Park, 2200 Crenshaw Boulevard. read more (PDF)>>
Torrance Skateboard Park to Remain Closed Due to Safety Concerns
TORRANCE, Calif., April 3, 2009 - Upon completion of the safety assessment, the City of Torrance announces that the Skateboard Park at Charles H. Wilson Park (2200 Crenshaw Boulevard) will remain closed indefinitely due to damages caused by inclement weather and concerns for patrons' safety. read more (PDF)>>
City of Torrance to Announce and Honor Winners of the Second Annual Torrance Advantage Awards
TORRANCE, Calif., March 25, 2009 - The City of Torrance Office of Economic Development will be announcing and honoring winners of the second annual Torrance Advantage Awards at a ceremony to be held tomorrow, Thursday, March 26, 2009, 5:00 p.m. at the Doubletree Hotel Torrance/South Bay, 21333 Hawthorne Boulevard. read more (PDF)>>
City of Torrance Takes Position on May 19th Ballot Measures
TORRANCE, Calif., April 20, 2009 - Upon reviewing the State measures included on the May 19, 2009 Statewide Special Election, the Torrance City Council took positions on six measures that met the City's criteria for legislative review. The criteria include how measures affect local control, impact the City fiscally, and affect public safety. The City Council took these positions at the regularly-scheduled City Council meeting of April 14, 2009. read more (PDF)>>
Deadline for the Second Annual Torrance Advantage Awards Extended Until Friday, March 6, 2009
The City of Torrance Office of Economic Development announced the extension of the application for the second annual Torrance Advantage Awards (TAA) 2008. Applications are now available at www.torrnet.com/TAA.htm and the new deadline is 5:00 p.m. on March 6, 2009. read more (PDF)>>
Torrance Madrona Marsh Preserve Closed Due to Storm Water Runoff
TORRANCE, Calif., February 20, 2009 - The City of Torrance's Madrona Marsh Preserve will be closed for a period of time as a health precaution due to the collection of urban storm water runoff as a result of recent storms. Because of recent weather conditions, some contaminants were deposited into the Madrona Marsh Preserve located at 3201 Plaza del Amo. Tests are being conducted to determine the exact nature of the contaminants. Once determined and if necessary, the City will take remediation measures. The City's goal is to reopen the Preserve as soon as possible without compromising the health and safety of visitors. read more (PDF)>>
SCAM ALERT FOR UNNEEDED SERVICE
TORRANCE, Calif., February 18, 2009 - Los Angeles County Assessor Rick Auerbach has issued an alert regarding private companies that are mass-mailing Los Angeles County and the State with official looking letters that charge property owners an unreasonable fee to file a "Decline in Value Reassessment Application (Prop 8)". These solicitation letters are formatted in a way that could mislead people to believe that they are from the County. In addition, these letters can confuse homeowners into paying as much as $179 to file for a Prop. 8 Decline in Value Review when the assessor may be doing this already and/or the homeowner can easily file for free. Click here for Assessor Auerbach's press release regarding these "scam" letters. Click here to visit the Los Angeles County Assessor's website for more information.
Torrance 2.0 Survey
The City of Torrance is exploring ways that members of the community may be able to communicate with the City. Please take this brief survey that will help us determine other tools of communication that we may offer in the future. Click HERE to take the survey. Thank you. Your participation is truly appreciated.
City of Torrance Invites All Torrance Businesses to Apply for the Second Annual Torrance Advantage Awards
TORRANCE, Calif., February 3, 2009 - The City of Torrance Office of Economic Development invites all Torrance businesses to apply for the second annual Torrance Advantage Awards (TAA) 2008. Applications are now available at www.torrnet.com/TAA.htm and due by 5:00 p.m. on February 26, 2009. According to Mayor Frank Scotto, "This is our way to recognize the contributions of Torrance businesses and encourage others to continue to do so. In these challenging economic times, the City of Torrance wants to thank the businesses for all they do to help keep Torrance's local economy strong. I sincerely hope all businesses apply." The Awards will showcase innovative economic development strategies, best practices, and outstanding results.Winners will be announced at the Torrance Advantage Awards Ceremony to be held on March 26, 2009 from 5:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m. at the Doubletree Hotel Torrance/South Bay. read more (PDF)>>
Torrance Announces This Year's Essay Question for Students & Government Day
TORRANCE, Calif., February 3, 2009 - The City of Torrance announces new topic for its 2009 Students & Government Day, a program to encourage youth participation in community affairs. Selected students will participate in Students & Government Day, which will be held on Tuesday, May 5, 2009. The City of Torrance encourages all eighth graders to apply for participation by submitting a 100-150 word essay on the prompt: "The City of Torrance is proud of the diversity of our community. Write about a plan or program you would develop that could promote and recognize the values of this diversity." Applicants are required to submit their student involved idea for a new project that could promote and recognize the values of this diversity in the Torrance community. Information and forms are available at local schools and online at www.torrnet.com/students.htm. Deadline for application is Friday, March 6, 2009. read more (PDF)>>
Winners Honored in the 17th Annual Torrance Community Television Awards
TORRANCE, Calif., Jan. 27, 2009 - Eight Torrance producers received coveted prizes at the 17th Annual Torrance Community Television (TCtv) Awards held Friday, January 23rd in the Torrance Cultural Arts Center's Toyota Meeting Hall. The awards ceremony, themed "A Classic Look Into a Class Act" recognized the efforts of TCtv producers for excellence in programming, creating original video that was cablecast on Torrance Channel 28 (Time Warner and Verizon FiOS Cable System) throughout the year 2008. In addition to the programming category winners, a special award - the Producer of the Year Award - that honors the producer who "best utilized the TCtv facilities" went to Joel Munoz. read more (PDF)>>